Computer Science Essay Generator

The Stone Sea: Expressionism, nationalism and neodialectic nationalism

David S. Wilson

Department of Gender Politics, University of Michigan

1. Rushdie and Sontagist camp

If one examines cultural theory, one is faced with a choice: either accept
textual postmodernist theory or conclude that the Constitution is part of the
stasis of narrativity. Derrida suggests the use of cultural theory to attack
and analyse society. Therefore, Debord’s analysis of dialectic discourse
suggests that context is created by the masses, but only if Sontagist camp is

In the works of Rushdie, a predominant concept is the distinction between
ground and figure. If cultural theory holds, we have to choose between
expressionism and the neotextual paradigm of consensus. But Buxton[1] states that the works of Rushdie are postmodern.

If Sontagist camp holds, we have to choose between expressionism and
cultural posttextual theory. Thus, the characteristic theme of the works of
Rushdie is not theory, but pretheory.

Marx promotes the use of cultural theory to challenge class divisions. But
Lacan uses the term ‘expressionism’ to denote the difference between
consciousness and sexual identity.

The main theme of Dietrich’s[2] model of cultural theory
is not narrative, but subnarrative. Therefore, any number of discourses
concerning expressionism may be discovered.

2. The postcapitalist paradigm of narrative and deconstructivist

“Class is dead,” says Debord; however, according to Hamburger[3] , it is not so much class that is dead, but rather the
defining characteristic, and some would say the meaninglessness, of class.
D’Erlette[4] holds that we have to choose between cultural
theory and subdialectic textual theory. Thus, Baudrillard uses the term
‘expressionism’ to denote the bridge between language and society.

In the works of Gibson, a predominant concept is the concept of postcultural
narrativity. The without/within distinction prevalent in Gibson’s All
Tomorrow’s Parties
is also evident in Count Zero. But if cultural
theory holds, we have to choose between expressionism and patriarchial

“Class is fundamentally used in the service of capitalism,” says Debord;
however, according to Prinn[5] , it is not so much class
that is fundamentally used in the service of capitalism, but rather the
defining characteristic, and therefore the dialectic, of class. The
characteristic theme of the works of Rushdie is the meaninglessness, and
subsequent absurdity, of neocultural society. It could be said that Sontag
suggests the use of the dialectic paradigm of expression to modify sexual

The subject is contextualised into a expressionism that includes sexuality
as a paradox. In a sense, Baudrillard promotes the use of presemioticist
narrative to attack class divisions.

The subject is interpolated into a cultural theory that includes narrativity
as a reality. It could be said that several semanticisms concerning a
self-sufficient paradox exist.

The subject is contextualised into a deconstructivist libertarianism that
includes sexuality as a whole. However, Debord suggests the use of
expressionism to analyse and modify consciousness.

The primary theme of de Selby’s[6] essay on cultural
postconceptualist theory is the rubicon, and some would say the defining
characteristic, of semiotic sexual identity. But Foucault uses the term
‘cultural theory’ to denote a precapitalist totality.

Marx promotes the use of expressionism to deconstruct hierarchy. Thus, many
narratives concerning deconstructivist libertarianism may be found.

1. Buxton, U. D. ed. (1970)
Cultural theory and expressionism. Panic Button Books

2. Dietrich, F. K. Y. (1992) Reading Marx: Expressionism
and cultural theory.
University of Georgia Press

3. Hamburger, L. Q. ed. (1973) Cultural theory in the
works of Gaiman.
University of Massachusetts Press

4. d’Erlette, M. Y. C. (1995) The Dialectic of Reality:
Expressionism in the works of Gibson.
Panic Button Books

5. Prinn, V. ed. (1978) Cultural theory in the works of
And/Or Press

6. de Selby, D. H. (1996) The Consensus of Defining
characteristic: Expressionism in the works of Tarantino.
University of
California Press

The essay you have just seen is completely meaningless and was randomly generated by the Postmodernism Generator. To generate another essay, follow this link.
If you liked this particular essay and would like to return to it, follow this link for a bookmarkable page.

The Postmodernism Generator was written by Andrew C. Bulhak using the Dada Engine, a system for generating random text from recursive grammars, and modified very slightly by Josh Larios (this version, anyway. There are others out there).

This installation of the Generator has delivered 17,660,127 essays since 25/Feb/2000 18:43:09 PST, when it became operational.

More detailed technical information may be found in Monash University Department of Computer Science Technical Report 96/264: “On the Simulation of Postmodernism and Mental Debility Using Recursive Transition Networks“.

More generated texts are linked to from the sidebar to the right.

If you enjoy this, you might also enjoy reading about the Social Text Affair, where NYU Physics Professor Alan Sokal’s brilliant(ly meaningless) hoax article was accepted by a cultural criticism publication.

In recent years, the field of academic publishing has ballooned to an estimated 30,000 peer-reviewed journals churning out some 2 million articles per year. While this growth has led to more scientific scholarship, critics argue that it has also spurred increasing numbers of low-quality “predatory publishers” who spam researchers with weekly “calls for papers” and charge steep fees for articles that they often don’t even read before accepting.

Ten years ago, a few students at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL) had noticed such unscrupulous practices, and set out to have some mischievous fun with it. Jeremy Stribling MS ’05PhD ’09, Dan Aguayo ’01 MEng ’02andMax Krohn PhD ’08 spent a week or two between class projects to develop “SCIgen,” a program that randomly generates nonsensical computer-science papers, complete with realistic-looking graphs, figures, and citations.

SCIgen emerged out of Krohn’s previous work as co-founder of the online study guide SparkNotes, which included a generator of high-school essays that was based on “context-free grammar.” SCIgen works like an academic “Mad Libs” of sorts, arbitrarily slotting in computer-science buzzwords like “distributed hash tables” and “Byzantine fault tolerance.”

The program was crude, but it did the trick: In April of 2005 the team’s submission,“Rooter: A Methodology for the Typical Unification of Access Points and Redundancy,” was accepted as a non-reviewed paper to the World Multiconference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics (WMSCI), a conference that Krohn says is known for “being spammy and having loose standards.”

When the researchers revealed their hoax, calls started coming in from the likes of The Boston Globe, CNN, and the BBC. Stribling’s phone was ringing off the hook thanks to his name being listed first on the paper. (“Randomly listed first,” he adds proudly.)

In the wake of the international media attention, WMSCI withdrew the team’s invitation to attend. Not to be deterred, the students raised $2,500 to travel to Orlando, Florida, where they rented out a room inside the conference space to hold their own “session” of randomly-generated talks, outfitted with fake names, fake business cards, and fake moustaches.

At the time the stunt may have seemed like nothing more than a silly “gotcha” moment in the tradition of the “Sokal affair,” in which an NYU physicist wrote a nonsense paper that was accepted by a journal of postmodern cultural studies. But SCIgen has actually had a surprisingly substantial impact, with many researchers using it to expose conferences with low submission standards. The team’s antics spurred the the world’s largest organization of technical professionals, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), to pull its sponsorship of WMSCI; in 2013 IEEE and Springer Publishing removed more than 120 papers from their sites after a French researcher’s analysis determined that they were generated via SCIgen. (Just a few weeks ago Springer announced the release of “SciDetect,” an open-source tool that can automatically detect SCIgen papers.)

The trio of CSAIL alumni have since moved on to other things: Aguayo is a technical lead at Meraki; Krohn, who co-founded both SparkNotes and the dating site OKCupid, now runs Keybase, a startup aimed at making cryptography more accessible; and Stribling had stints at IBM, Google, and Nicira before joining Krohn’s team at Keybase this month.

But even a decade later, the team’s creation improbably lives on. Stribling says the generator still gets 600,000 annual pageviews that manage to crash their CSAIL research site every few months. The creators continue to get regular emails from computer science students proudly linking to papers they’ve snuck into conferences, as well as notes from researchers urging them to make versions for other disciplines.

“Our initial intention was simply to get back at these people who were spamming us and to maybe make people more cognizant of these practices,” says Stribling, before deadpanning: “We accomplished our goal way better than we expected to.”


For the 10-year anniversary, the team reconvened for a project that’s once again aimed at predatory publishers.

“SCIpher” lets you hide secret messages inside randomly-generated calls for papers (CFPs) that appear to be coming from (fictional) conferences with names like “the LYGNY Symposium on relational, software-defined technology.”

Entering a secret message into SCIpher create text for a ready-to-send CFP that the CFP’s recipient can throw back into the generator to recover the original message.

Stribling says he views SCIpher as a cheeky way to trade secrets — not to mention, to poke fun at conferences’ ridiculous, jargon-filled names.

“We combined almost-pronounceable acronyms with random buzzwords cribbed from the SCIgen grammar to evoke the kind of niche specialization that results from thousands of concurrent conferences clamoring for authors,” says Stribling. “Plus, while an encrypted email would be a big red flag for some investigators, in our experience when you send out a call for papers, it's very unlikely that anyone will read it.”

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