Essay For Child Labour In India

Child Labour In India


Child labour involves making a child who is below the age of 18 years work and this work either harms the child or prevents the child from attending school, or both. India experiences the greatest levels of this type of labour around the globe. Actually, children who work in India make up 25% of all the child labour in the world.

Reasons for child labour in India and how it happens

Child labour in India happens because of two main reasons. The first one is the high poverty levels across the country. These levels are so high that it is even hard to afford food. The poverty level is attributed to the exploitation of the employees by their employers across most industries. As a result of this poverty, children usually have to try to get some extra coin at least for the purpose of getting some food. The other reason for this type of labour is the low quality of education system in India. This system does not equip children with skills that can help them earn a decent living. Therefore, parents and the children themselves are not motivated to attend school. Even though child labour is still a challenge in India, the government and some NGOs are really trying to control the situation. One way these two are using is the non-formal education program. This program allows children to work for some hours during mornings and attend classes later. This way, the children are able to get some income and something to eat, while still being able to learn.

How to control Child Labour in India

One way that the Indian government could help in reducing the country’s level of child labour is to provide cheap health services. These services are very important especially for the children. This way, child mortality levels will reduce. With low child mortality rates, parents will not wish to have many children for purposes of ensuring some of them grow into adulthood. They will rather have children they can provide for comfortably. Consequently, children will be taken to school and provided with basic needs without any need for them to work. Another solution to this menace would be educating parents. When parents understand the importance of taking their children to school and the dangers of child labour, then they will keep their children away from labouring.

One challenge that the government faces in controlling child labour is the fact that it is always informal. Moreover, charging a parent would only worsen a child’s situation.

Child Labour refers to the practice of engaging children in economic activities. These children are deprived of primary education and exposed to mental and physical dangers. The curse of child labour has deeply penetrated in Indian society.

Causes: Inadequate number of schools, poverty, and lack of literacy among the parents are some of the causes of child labour. Among these, poverty is the single most dominating stimulant of child Labour.

In the backdrop of extreme economic condition, young children are forced to become wage earners. Further, they are made to work hard without getting adequately remuneration.

Since the school facilities are inadequate, children often don’t find any other meaningful alternative.

Laws: The Indian laws include the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of Children Act, The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, The Factories Act, The Mines Act, etc. The government should make arrangements to ensure that the Child Labour laws are properly followed.

Socio-economic Problem: Children are put to work to earn and provide support to the family. The children aged between eight and fourteen are being largely employed in hotels, tea-shops, restaurants, factories, agriculture, etc. Girl children are also employed as maid-servants, baby-sitters, cooking, house cleaners, clothes washers, etc.

UNICEF: The organization is making several attempts to reduce and abolish the evil system of child labour.

Consequence: Child labour is serious threat to Economic growth. Uneducated children of today cannot contribute much in the economic prosperity of the country.

Initiatives: A National Policy on Child Labour was formulated in 1987 and the Government of India has taken several initiatives to completely eradicate child labour. Due to the lack of co-operation from the society, child labour is still a major problem for the government.

Category: Indian Society

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